Below you can find a list of taxonomy (categories) files for most countries. The data is useful for knowing the categories in your native language. However, you can also use US taxonomy for all countries. Countries that do not have a local language will have to use the US language. You can use ID’s or category names.
Google does not frequently change this data, and the last edit was 2015. Most merchants that land on this page are searching for an updated list, which does not exist. If you can’t find a category that fits in your product, don’t use any.
The language you use, native, or the US does not matter as all categories match the US language identically. There is no ranking benefit between the languages.
If your country is not listed or the country does not have the native language listed, than you can only use US language.